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Aerobic Method:

The turners and tumblers for composting are designed to allow air into the materials you wish to compost. Compost, by definition is the aerobic breakdown of organic matter. It is a rotting process. During this process, turning the contraption often and adding water keeps the materials moist. Adding Activated EM•1® to a compost pile helps increase the air flow into the pile, increasing the aerobic microbe populations in the pile. This means you can get more air transfer in a pile with less turning...or less work!

Add 10 ounces of Activated EM•1 ® for every cubic foot of material (or 90 ounces for a cubic yard).

Static Pile (Anaerobic Method):

This is usually for larger items like sticks and leaves that will take a longer time to break down than grass and food scraps. These piles are usually left for about a year and may be turned once or twice during that time.

Add about 10 ounces of Activated EM•1® for every cubic foot of material (or 90 ounces for a cubic yard).


Get rid of those piles and just dig a hole or trench. After digging a hole or trench that will hold all the organic materials you want to break down, simply back-fill the hold with the materials. As you add them to the hole, spray them until moist with a mixture of water and Activated EM•1 ®

Add about 10 ounces of Activated EM•1 ® for every cubic foot of material (or 90 ounces for a cubic yard).

Bokashi Method (Semi-anaerobic):

This is a quick fermentation method that is centuries old. Organic materials (carbon: leaves, grass, wood chips, etc.) are collected and piled. If adding fresh manure (cow, horse, chicken, pig, rabbit, etc.), mix at a ratio of 1 carbon: 20 parts manure.

As the materials are piled, water with a solution of EM•1®, molasses, and water (1:1:100). The moisture content of the pile should be about 30-35% moisture.

Once this is achieved, cover the pile with a tarp and weigh down with rocks and/ or boards. Fermentation will take about two weeks. The longer you let it sit, the better.

After the fermentation cycle is complete, the materials are ready to incorporate into the soil. You will likely see white mold on the pile. This is a beneficial mold and is a sign of success. Depending on what was used (food scraps, etc.) you will not want to mulch with this material as it will attract animals. If it is made only with plant material, you can mix it with compost or bark mulch to use as a mulch.

For piles larger than a cubic yard, the application rate of Activated EM•1 ® Microbial Inoculant is about 1-1.5 gallons per cubic yard, diluted into the water use to reach proper moisture for composting.

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